Placing a big bet on America’s biggest game is on the rise. Super Bowl wagering in Nevada has been on a steady uptick for the past two years. After a drop during the 2007 to 2009 recession, it climbed to $82.7 million in 2010, and rose to almost $87.5 in the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2011. But that’s only part of the story. Offshore Super Bowl wagering has been climbing uninterrupted by the economy. An anonymous Costa Rican sports book owner told me that while the 2007 recession had a small impact on bets placed during the regular season, his Super Bowl business has risen annually for decades.
Since it was first played in 1967, the Super Bowl has evolved into the single biggest sports betting event of the year. There is no close second or third (at least until someone puts up a line on whether Kim Kardashian’s next marriage will last longer than 72 days), which is the main reason it’s the highest-rated television show every year.
I conservatively estimate that more than $8 billion will be illegally wagered on this year’s Super Bowl, with more than one half of the U.S. adult population having a bet on the game. This includes bets with U.S. and offshore bookmakers, wagers made over the Internet, office pools, person-to-person bets, and Super Bowl parties. And I think the legal wagering in Nevada will exceed last year’s $87.5 million handle.
Jay Kornegay, vice president of race and sports operations for the Las Vegas Hilton, expects proposition bets—wagers placed on which team or player will be first to score, number of field goals in the game, even the winner of the coin toss—to increase this year.
“In the past, proposition bets made up 10 percent of our overall Super Bowl handle,” Kornegay says. “Today it comprises 50 percent.” The public makes a slew of prop bets to help stay entertained throughout the game, and experts such as Kornegay are expecting more than 300 proposition bets this year, compared to only 25 to 50 in the past.
The world of sports betting has been completely transformed over the past 40 years. In 1969, there were only 12 sports books in Nevada with a total betting handle of $395,000. Now the number has grown to 187 sports books. Last year they managed more than $2.7 billion in bets, close to half of it (44.4 percent) wagered on college and pro football.
Breaking those numbers down further, it’s the Super Bowl that is leading the betting mania. “People bet 10 times as much on the Super Bowl as they would on any other game,” says Robert Walker, the former Race and Sports Book Director of the MGM Mirage Group, the biggest sports book chain in Nevada.
Some of those bets are made in advance, of course, but the biggest action comes on the big day. One of the largest offshore sports book owners told me that 95 percent of his Super Bowl action comes on the day of the game. “The phones never stop ringing. Everyone handling phone bets eats at their desk that day from sun up until the halftime wagering is over,” he says. Sounds like a job cholesterol-challenged coaches Rex and Rob Ryan would be wise to avoid.
At press time Cigar Aficionado did not know which teams would compete in Super Bowl XLVI, but we can give you some tips on how to bet the game. I have correctly picked the last 10 Super Bowl pointspread winners, nine of the last 10 totals, and nine straight halftime lines (I did not pick last year’s halftime line). Follow the four rules listed here and they will help you wager correctly and win money on the Super Bowl.
Rule No. 1 Ignore the point spread, as it is practically a nonfactor. The winner of the Super Bowl has failed to beat the spread only six times. (Green Bay was giving three last year against Pittsburgh, and they won the game and beat the spread, the same as in 2010, when the Saints, who were four-point underdogs, beat the spread and the Colts.) That’s a record of 36-6-3, an amazing 88 percent. So wager on who you think will win the game. Super Bowl favorites are 23-19-3, so there are no trends there.
Rule No. 2 Total points wagering (the combined score of both teams) has become the second-most-popular Super Bowl wager. When offensively powerful teams are meeting, bet the Under, as offensive juggernauts tend to play conservatively, feeling they can score whenever they want. Also factor in that many teams are tight in the first half and often only open up after they have felt the other team out. Wagers on total points have run dead even in Super Bowls, 22-22, as there was not a posted Over/Under total on the first Super Bowl.
An offensive explosion was predicted in Super Bowl XLIV (January 2010) when the league’s two highest scoring teams, the New Orleans Saints and the Indianapolis Colts, met. The total was set at 56 1/2 points (the highest in Super Bowl history) but the Under was a winner, as the Saints won 31-17. And the halftime score was only 10-6.
Conversely, if two defensive-dominated teams play, bet the Over. When you have defensive giants meeting, the
offenses tend to open up. They figure that any scoring will help their defense win the game and they are not as apt to fear making mistakes. It’s hard to stop a Super Bowl team that opens up its offense, which means more scoring. It can also mean more turnovers, which again leads to more scoring. Last year’s Super Bowl featured two of the league’s best defensive stalwart units: Green Bay and Pittsburgh. The total Over/Under was 45 points with Green Bay winning 31-25. Five of the last seven Super Bowls have gone Under.
Rule No. 3 Avoid proposition bets. These are sucker bets for neophytes, and people lose money on them in every Super Bowl. The only time the public has ever won a lot of money on a prop bet was in Super Bowl XX between the Chicago Bears and New England Patriots. The opening odds for William “The Refrigerator” Perry to score a touchdown were 12:1. By kickoff, they were 2:1, as everybody bet on him to score, which he did. Overall, however, the public still lost money on proposition bets in Super Bowl XX, and they will lose money on prop bets in this year’s Super Bowl, too.
Rule No. 4 At halftime the bookies post a new point spread for the second-half action. Always bet the team at halftime that you think will beat the original line on the Super Bowl—the team that has beaten the game’s opening pointspread has also beaten the halftime spread in 16 of the last 18 Super Bowls. If you are at home, time will be of the essence, so have your cell phone charged or your computer ready or your wife or girlfriend out shopping if you want to place a halftime wager.
Danny Sheridan is a sports analyst for USA Today, for which he provides the daily updated odds on all sporting events for its website.